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Simple Search

Boolean Operators AND, OR, NOT

When you use the Simple Search, all terms are combined by AND automatically. For a more tightly focused search you may use the Boolean Operators to combine different search terms.

AND: The document has to contain all search terms.

OR: The document has to contain one of the search terms. This function broadens your search and is recommended, when there are different terms for the same meaning.

article OR paper

NOT: This function works excluding and might be useful to reduce a large result list: Documents, which contain the one term, may not contain the other.

article NOT paper

The Boolean Operators work for the Advanced Search as well. You may use them to combine different search terms within one search field. For example, to search for documents of the author "Doe" in the years 2002 or 2003, use the query:

Author: Doe
Year: 2002 OR 2003


In the field 'Search:', you may use the symbols '*' and '?' as wildcards. Use them in place of a character or characters that are unknown or that may differ. You cannot use them in front of a word or search string.

Example 1: chemi* finds chemical but also chemistry or chemist. Example 2: licen?e finds licence and license.


You may use double quotes (") to search for phrases.

Advanced Search

Specific search, direct to it's field. Such as :
  • Author(s)
  • Title
  • Additional Person(s) - Submitter, Translator, Editor, Contributor, Advisor
  • Referee(s)
  • Abstract
  • Year(s)
  • And you can try to search for some text that contain in fulltext document too.

    I have some more questions - whom shall I contact?
    Pustakawan Repositori Institusi
    Contact No:022-84288806

    Graha Kandaga

    Jln. Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km. 21
    Jatinangor, Kab. Sumedang 45363
    Jawa Barat

    What are those document type about?
    We define some document type to distinct it from the other. Those types are :

    A non-scanned fulltext article in a printed journal, magazine, newspaper. Not necessarily peer-reviewed. Including an electronic-only medium such as an online journal or news website.

    A fulltext Theses of Bachelor Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    Book / Monograph
    A Book or Monograph. This may be a technical report, project report, documentation, manual, working paper or discussion paper.

    Part of a Book
    A chapter or section in a book.

    Conference Proceeding
    A fulltext paper, speech, lecture or presentation script given at a conference, workshop or any similar event.
    If the conference has been published in a book or journal, then please use "Book / Monograph" or "Article" instead.

    Contribution to a Periodical

    Course Material

    Tugas Akhir
    A fulltext Theses of Diploma Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    A fulltext Theses of Doctoral Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    Thesis of Examination




    Thesis of Specialist
    A fulltext Theses of Specialist Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    A fulltext Theses of Magister / Master Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    Moving Images

    A published work that appears in a new edition on a regular schedule. The most familiar examples are the newspaper, often published daily, or weekly; or the magazine, typically published weekly, monthly or as a quarterly. Other examples would be a newsletter, a literary journal or learned journal, or a yearbook. These examples are typically published and referenced by volume and issue. "Volume" typically refers to the number of years the publication has been circulated, and "Issue" refers to how many times that periodical has been published during that year. For example, the April 2011 publication of a monthly magazine first published in 2002 would be listed as, "Volume 9, Issue 4." (Roman numerals are sometimes used in reference to the Volume number.)

    Periodicals can be classified into two types: popular and scholarly. The popular periodicals are magazine and newspapers, like Ebony and Esquire. The scholarly periodicals are found in libraries and databases. Examples are The Journal of Psychology and the Journal of Social Work. Trade/Professional journals are also examples of periodicals. They are written for an audience of professionals in the world. As of the early 1990s, there were over 6,000 business, technical, academic, scientific and trade publications in the United States alone.

    These examples are related to the idea of an indefinitely continuing cycle of production and publication: newspapers plan to continue publishing, not to stop after a predetermined number of editions. A novel, in contrast, might be published in monthly parts, a method revived after the success of The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens.[2] This approach is called part-publication, particularly when each part is from a whole work, or a serial, for example in comic books. It flourished in the middle of the nineteenth century, for example with Abraham John Valpy's Delphin Classics, and was not restricted to fiction.

    Part of Periodical


    Regulation / Rules
    Text document that contains regulations, laws, decisions and decree that need to be known by the Academic Community.


    Research Data



    Thesis of Profession
    A fulltext Theses of Profession Degree
    Submissions via the student portal, not here.

    Working Paper

    If your submission doesn't fit into any of the categories above, please use Other.
    The Repository Team will categorize it for you.

    What's metadata?
    Metadata can be defined as
    • data describing one or more resources or as
    • data associated with an object and describing it
    Basically metadata is describing documents, objects or services and contains information about their content, structure or form. More abstractly metadata is a description of data or "data about data". Bibliographic data sets and catalog entries in library catalogs can be seen as a kind of metadata.

    This repository is using metadata in the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set (short Dublin Core (DC)) which has fifteen basic elements. Dublin Core is the result of international efforts to reach a collective consensus in describing electronic objects (in the broadest sense). The Library of Congress (LoC), the Online Cataloging Library Center (OCLC) and several national libraries are dealing with Dublin Core in many projects and are close to introduce the system respectively.

    Elements on the publishing form

    Author (obligatory)
    Please name all authors of the text ordered according to the full text. Authors are defined as the person(s) who are/(is) responsible for the intellectual content. For instance authors (text documents), artists, photographers or illustrators (graphical documents).
    For persons, the standardized form "family name, first name" is obligatory, in order to improve the searchability of the document. If possible, please add e-mail addresses of all authors. We recommend to use private or permanently used e-mail addresses.

    If available please provide the ORCID and / or GND ID to faciliate the identification of authors.

    Institute (obligatory)
    Please select the institute of the university, which the authors belong to. Choose "down" to select an institute within a faculty. If it is not possible to relate the publication to an institute, select a faculty or institution or add another institute. This field is essential for the publication statistics of institutes or members of the University.

    Granting Institution (Theses only)
    Institution, i.e. faculty, that grants for example the doctor's degree.

    Advisor (Theses only)
    The main advisor has to be specified concerning dissertations. Academic titles may be added optionally. (e.g. Muster, Hans Prof. Dr.).

    Date of final exam
    This field is required for doctoral theses only.

    Please select the language of the text. Choose "multiple language" for other languages or texts in several languages.

    Title (obligatory)
    Enter title and if necessary subtitles here according to the scheme "Title : Subtitle". Please use LaTeX or MathML to inherit formulas. To improve the visibility of your document for search engines it is helpful to provide the title in other languages (e.g. English). Add or delete a title by clicking the button. For doctoral theses, habilitation theses and other theses a German and an English version of the title are required.

    Parent title
    Please enter the parent work's title (i.e. Journal, Compilation, Anthology etc).

    Please enter the ISSN of the journal or series.

    Year of publication of the document.

    Volume, Issue
    These information are required for (scientific) articles or issues. They can be found in the imprint or on the cover.

    Please enter the edition here, e.g. "2nd edition" or "3. rev. ed.".

    Enter the publisher where your document has originally been published. If it is published for the first time on this Repository, this field can stay empty.

    Series of the ...
    If your document is part of one of our series, please select it from the drop-down menu. For documents belonging to other series choose "Other Series".

    Other Series
    Name the series your document is published in.

    If available, please enter the ISBN here. If your document is published in the University Press, this field can stay empty.

    Page Number
    Number of Pages. For articles: "First page - last page" or article number.

    A textual description of the resourceĀ“s content inclusive a short abstract for document resources. For graphical resources : Short description of the content. The description may not be longer then 2000 characters (= ca. half of a DIN A4 page). It can be imported from the document with "copy and paste". In the case, that no abstract has been written, the introduction or the table of content can be used. Please use LaTeX or MathML to inherit formulas.
    For dissertations and theses it is necessary to give a summary in Bahasa Indonesia and English.

    Controlled Keywords
    The keywords for controlled description of the documentĀ“s content can be automatically taken to the form sheet from the German (GND) keyword vocabulary (subject authority file)

    Uncontrolled Keywords
    Additionally there is the possibility to give free keywords when there are no useful keywords in the controlled vocabulary. For better international searchability there is the possibility to give English keywords too.

    General Classification
    The Dewey Decimal Classification is one of the most widespread international classifications.
    Please choose a class on the third level: "100 - Philosophy and psychology"

    Classification (CCS, MSC, PACS, JEL)
    In some cases a verbal description of the content is not enough, therefore the possibility of classificatory description is offered, when corresponding systems are available.

    Informatics: ACM Computing Classification System (CCS)
    Mathematics: Mathematics Subject Classification (MSC)
    Physics and astronomy: Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme (PACS)
    Economics: Journal of Economic Literature (JEL)

    Digital Object Identifier of your primary publication.

    Uniform Resource Locator of your primary publication.

    Other participating institutes
    If your document has been edited by another institution or conference or if another institution has been involved, please use this field.
    For conference use the following scheme: Title, counting, year, place

    Contributor is anybody, who has contributed to a document, e.g. illustrator, translator, sponsor etc.
    Please name the role after the name. Example: Schmidt, Hanne (Illustrator)

    Here you can choose under which conditions your document will be available. More information can be found here.

    This field can be used for any comments that did not fit into another field.

    For any further questions please enter your contact details, if you are not the author.

    In most cases this is no problem.
    Please ensure in any case, if your publisher allows a parallel publication!

    To do that you can use the SHERPA/ROMEO list.

    Authors can choose which terms of use must be regarded for their publication. These terms are defined in a license. This repository supports different licenses, from which you can choose one (i.e. Creative Commons Licenses ).
    • Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International - CC BY 4.0
    • Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 4.0 International - CC BY-SA 4.0
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0 International - CC BY-NC 4.0
    • Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives 4.0 International - CC BY-ND 4.0
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial - ShareAlike 4.0 International - CC BY-NC-SA 4.0
    • Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial - No Derivatives 4.0 International - CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
    • Creative Commons Universal Public Domain Dedication - CC0 1.0
    • Publication contract for publications with print on demand - PCFP.W.POD
    • Publication contract for publications without print on demand - PCFP.WO.POD
    • Peraturan Serah Simpan - SKR-UPD-PSS
    To learn more about Licenses, please follow the following links :
    This is an Institutional Repository of Universitas Padjadjaran.
    • The content of Electronics Theses and Dissertations will be carried out by Peraturan Serah Simpan.
    • Because of there's still no rules about ETD's display, only Cover, Abstract, Chapter 1 and 2 will be displayed.
    • Thesis, Thesis and Dissertation manuscripts are submitted by students through the Student portal, after verification by the Academic Administration, the publication in this Repository will be carried out by the Library team or the Repository team.
    • Author can take advantage of the Embargo Date feature. Publication will be on-hold until that date. Maximum 3 years.
    • Another content will be display based consideration from Repository's Manager including Author or Submitter requests.
    This document server is based on the repository software OPUS4.
    OPUS4 is documented here:


    Universitas Padjadjaran
    Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang KM.21, Hegarmanah, Kec. Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363
    Telephone : 022-84288806 - E-Mail :

    Universitas Padjadjaran is a state university with legal entity (PTNBH).

    It is legally represented by Yulianti.

    Competent supervisory authority:

    Yulianti of Center of Knowledge Universitas Padjadjaran is responsible for editorial, database maintenance and content management as defined by Peraturan Serah Simpan. ( Surat Keputusan Rektor No. 3301a/UN6.RKT/PP/2012 tentang Penyerahan Karya Ilmiah Mahasiswa kepada Perpustakaan Universitas Padjadjaran dalam bentuk Elektronik Portable Document Format )


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