Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kinerja Kemitraan Pada Agribisnis Di Propinsi Sumatera Utara

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Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kinerja Kemitraan Pada Agribisnis Di Propinsi Sumatera Utara

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Title: Faktor-Faktor Yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Kinerja Kemitraan Pada Agribisnis Di Propinsi Sumatera Utara
Author: Romano
Abstract: This dissertation has been intended to identify and to measure the influences within : 1). Internal and external factors which have become potential and impotent sources that have been playing roles in determining to have a share in the partnership of regional agribusiness, 2) influential factors on the capacities of services of the main members as family incomes of the farmers, 3) to identify any influences of development design and territorial areas of any partnership members against their confidential reliance and their confined conditions as one element in the agribusiness activities, and 4) to know influential factors on the growth of their professional business being as main partners in the trade, and find out the productional growth of the farmers at all. This research had been carried out in 3 (three) developing areas of agribusiness partnership in the provincial / regions of North-Sumatera including the Karo's Regency, Simalungun Regency and Dairi Regency. There are 3 (three) professional units from. The three regions who have taken a share in the partnership of the agribusiness activities and 296 farmers who are playing roles as participants in those joint venture and have been collected as samples in this study. They are collected following a cluster sampling method, based on the their partnership system which associated with their developing areas. The result of this study have shown specific advantages in regard with their skill and abilities to establish any means and productional infrastructures, the needed means to improve their products like the use of quality control and industrial equipments and utensils and modern marketing means, either trough domestic and traditional markets or modern markets abroad. All of this can be conveying the traditional farmers to a modern way of life in the interest of the farmers, the evidences of partaking the trade activities in those areas can be considered that any aids which they have received can be attracting the farmers to take a share in the business activities as active partners. Most of them (78%) can affirm about the problems of fluctuations in supplies and prices in those areas. The need to have a continual supplies of enough stocks of potatos to be available in these regional markets, constituting a dominant critical factors, which can be overturned trough cooperations and collective efforts in the partnership system of this regional agribusiness in preparing continual products 67% of the members have affirmed that it can be solved by joining this system. Some of the issues that had been interesting most of the members of the agribusiness partnership are departmental services with are concerned to look after the arrangements forgiving financial aids, to help in resolving capital problems, marketing problems, investments in cropping agribusiness, and soon. Confinements of the farmers to the main partner in any areas are done following similar products and similar rules, either in Karo, Simalungun, or Dairi Regencies. The farmers in this research have showed that they are consistent in their affirmations about quantities of product and prices of their products, with full confidence with anything that have been decided by the main partner of this partnership between the farmers and the enterprise of regional agribusiness. Confidential reliance's from the farmers household on the enterprise as their main partner is based on the enterprise ability to keep their continual supplies of their products with stable prices and keeping firm definite agreements about their supplies and their aids which have improved the economy of the farmers which can increase the incomes of the farmers household in those areas.
Description: Disertasi ini mengidentifikasi dan mengukur pengaruh: 1) faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal yang menjadi sumber kelemahan dan kekuatan; yang berperan dalam menentukan kelangsungan kemitraan; 2) faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap volume pelayanan mitra utama, pendapatan keluarga petani; 3) mengidentifikasi pengaruh pola dan wilayah pengembangan kemitraan terhadap kepercayaan, keterandalan dan keterikatan elemen kemitraan agribisnis; dan 4) faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pertumbuhan volume usaha mitra utama dan pertumbuhan produksi petani. Survey dilakukan di tiga wilayah pengembangan kemitraan agribisnis tanaman pangan di Sumatera Utara, yaitu: Kabupaten Karo, Kabupaten Simalungun dan Kabupaten Dairi. Mitra utama sebanyak 31 unit usaha dan 296 petani anggota mitra dijadikan sampel. Penarikan sampel petani dengan cara acak berkelompok (cluster sampling) dengan dasar pola kemitraan dan wilayah pengembangan kemitraan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keunggulan spesifik seperti: pengolahan, kemampuan menyediakan sarana dan prasarana produksi, pengendalian mutu dan pemilikan jaringan pasar yang luas sampai ke luar negeri sangat dibutuhkan petani. Pada sisi petani pasar dan bantuan sarana produksi merupakan alasan utama ikut bermitra. Menurut petani mitra utama ideal adalah perusahaan yang mampu menyediakan sarana produksi dan memiliki jaringan pasar yang luas. Dari sisi mitra utama juga sebahagian besar (78 persen) menyatakan petani anggota mitra dapat menjawab permasalahan fluktuasi suplai kuantitas dan harga. Pada Agribisnis kentang, kekurang mampuan dalam pengadaan kentang secara kontinu merupakan faktor kritis dominan yang dianggap dapat diselesaikan dengan bermitra ke hulu. Untuk pengadaan produk secara kontinu dan berkesinambungan 67 persen dari mitra utama menganggap bermitra sebagai solusi terbaik. Faktor dominan yang berpengaruh terhadap volume pelayanan mitra utama adalah modal, kapasitas jaringan pasar, dan biaya pemasaran. Untuk meningkatkan volume pelayanan mitra utama yang terpenting adalah meningkatkan jaringan pasar dan modal yang ditanamkan pada kemitraan agribisnis jeruk. Semakin luas jaringan pasar dengan kapasitas yang lebih besar dan didukung oleh modal yang memadai maka volume pelayanan akan lebih besar pula. Keterikatan petani pada mitra utama dalam hal bantuan modal, pasar produk dan harga jual adalah sama pada masing-masing pola kemitraan dan wilayah pengembangan. Kepercayaan petani kepada mitra utama tentang: kesepakatan jumlah suplai, kesepakatan mutu, harga jual, paket teknik budidaya dan pengembangan pasar; adalah sama pada masing-masing pola kemitraan (KOA dan dagang umum) dan wilayah pengembangan (Karo, Simalungun Dairi). Petani binaan di daerah penelitian konsisten dengan hasil kesepakatan bersama dalam jumlah, dan mutu harga serta percaya pada potensi pengembangan pasar yang dilakukan oleh mitra utama. Keterandalan mitra utama menurut penilaian petani didasarkan atas kemampuan mitra usaha dalam kontinuitas suplai produk, pengembangan usaha, dan menjaga stabilitas harga. Kesepakatan volume pasokan, dan perbandingan kesesuaian mutu produksi yang disepakati mempengruhi peningkatan volume usaha petani. Peningkatan kontribusi modal dan jaringan pasar berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan volume usaha mitra utama.
URI: http://repository.unpad.ac.id/handle/123456789/3432
Date: 2004-03-13


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